Among the major diseases spread by rats and mice are murine typhus, spread by ticks and mites that are parasites of rats; leptospirosis, spread by a bacteria present in the blood and urine of infected rats, and the infamous plague that, in the Middle Ages caused the death of 25 million human beings in Europe alone. Rats also carry microorganisms that cause typhoid, dysentery and rabies.
Rodent control makes the treated area or environment non-colonisable. It can never prevent temporary passing through of rodents inside environments, even if properly and regularly controlled. The first important step toward prevention of infestations is represented by the condition of the structure to be controlled. Our company will give you all the advice you need in order to make your locale difficult for rodents to penetrate, and making the rodent control programme even more effective.
The reason you do not see more rodents is due precisely to the fact that a periodic check is carried out. Terminating the service will result, in a short time, in the rodents from the outside recolonising the areas vacated by the former colony, nullifying all the efforts made to resolve the problem. Maintenance, in any industry, is performed to achieve the goal of preventing deterioration.
Generally, the tiger mosquito has sizes ranging from 4 to 10 mm, similar to the common mosquito in Italy. Its body is black with white transverse bands on the legs and abdomen, it also has a white stripe between the back and the head. Distinguishing the two mosquitoes is not just a matter of appearance: The tiger mosquito is also quicker in flight, more aggressive, and stings even in daylight especially during cooler hours, and in the shade.
The tiger mosquito loves the water, even in small quantities, as this is where its larvae develop. Its eggs, laid in dry areas, are able to spend the winter even in a saucer! It is then sufficient that, when temperatures rise in the spring, they are covered by a minimum amount of water to hatch. If the stagnation persists for at least seven days, the cycle is complete and new adults are born. One must therefore avoid stagnant water. All environments where there are larvae present should be treated from April to November, with larvicide products from pharmacies, carefully following the directions on the label. What to do: thoroughly clean manholes and stagnant and drainage areas, treat them regularly and, when possible, cover them with a mosquito net, eradicate saucers and, where this is not possible, avoid the stagnation of water in them, periodically check gutters, ensuring they are clean and unobstructed, avoid the formation of any stagnant water, keep fountains and ornamental pools clean, possibly introducing goldfish that are predators of tiger mosquito larvae, empty onto the ground, and keep domestic animals' drinking and water bowls clean, cover tanks and all containers where rainwater collects with sealed containers, covers, or taut mosquito nets, inform neighbours and acquaintances of the correct behaviour, install, when possible, mosquito nets on windows. What NOT to do: accumulate tyres and other containers that can collect even small amounts of standing water, leave watering cans and buckets with the opening facing up, use saucers or trays under vases, leave inflatable pools and other games filled with water for several days -allow water to collect on coverings used to cover heaps of materials and firewood, empty troughs, vase trays, and any other container of water into manholes.
In August 2007 in Emilia Romagna, the first cases of Chikungunya virus transmission by the tiger mosquito were reported. The symptoms of the disease are acute fever, headache, nausea, vomiting and acute joint pain. In some cases, patients may also have itchy rashes. In tropical areas, and in many parts of Asia the tiger mosquito is a vector of several viral diseases, particularly those caused by arboviruses, including dengue fever, yellow fever and some forms of encephalitis. In the Mediterranean basin, as well as Chikungunya, there are six active arboviruses that could be transmitted by the tiger mosquito, including the West Nile virus, and the Israel Turkey Meningoencephalitis virus, some viruses of the Togaviridae family, and others from the Bunvaviridae family. In Italy, in addition to the recent cases of Chikungunya in very limited areas in Romagna, the tiger mosquito is actually known primarily for the acute discomfort caused by its bites, which cause swelling and persistent irritation, itching, or bleeding, often quite painful. In unusually sensitive people, a large number of bites can result in allergic responses that require medical attention. The worst form of damage associated with this mosquito, then, is its impact on the habits of the population.
The crane fly (known as "zanzarone"'large mosquito' due to its similarity to mosquitoes) belongs to the Tipulidae family and is not a mosquito. These insects do not sting at all; their larvae cause problems as, if present in large numbers, they can be harmful to meadows because they gnaw the collars of herbaceous plants.
The "Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points" (HACCP) system is a hygiene self-assessment control system to prevent the risk of food contamination. It is based on systematic monitoring of food processing sites where there is a danger of biological, chemical, or physical contamination.
The HACCP method allows the identification and monitoring of key points that may result in a decrease of the standard of sanitation of the finished product.
A major cause of deterioration in food quality is contamination due to pests. Through their actions, exterminators play an important role in ensuring the maintenance of an optimal level of hygiene.
The dog tick is able to transmit different forms of Rickettsia to humans, infections caused by micro-organisms are very similar to bacteria but, unlike these, are obligate parasites (they multiply only inside other organisms). Among these, the most famous is the spotted fever, which causes fever, rash and black spots ("tache noir") all over the body. It is generally benign, but if not diagnosed in time can lead to serious complications.
The tick is drawn inside the houses when temperatures tend to drop in the autumn. This happens especially when pigeons are attracted by food that is sometimes carelessly left outside, (remnants of bread, leftovers), to the exterior of the building. In this context, there are frequent reports of attacks on humans.
The presence of woodworm is often discovered when the damage is already done. The appearance of exit holes, or the possible presence of frass in the vicinity of an infested cabinet or wooden item are unequivocal indicators of an infestation in place that is spreading.
There are two types of hole on furniture attacked by woodworm. The most visible are those that the adult insect creates on becoming an adult and flying away in search of a mate. Treating these holes is pointless because the tunnel beyond has been abandoned. The second type of hole is dug by the just-hatched larva deposited on the surface of the wooden item. These are, however, so small as to be virtually invisible to the naked eye.
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Mites can live and grow in different environments such as on plants, flowers, animals, humans, water (even in salt water), but mainly in house dust (and therefore on carpets, books...), in mattresses, cushions, etc.
The fight against mites is problematic and not standardisable. One can proceed either by acting on the factors limiting their development, or by using chemical means. In the first case, reducing the humidity, the ambient temperature, curtains, stuffed animals, and other items that can hold dust and mites... In the second case, by using various kinds of treatment on the area, after careful assessment by an expert.
As with any treatment against any pest, collaboration with the client is essential. When fighting dust, wood, and other mites, we use ULV (Ultra Low Volume) TREATMENTS, with the use of nebulizers that generate "cold mists" (droplets less than 10 microns) that get the formulation into interstices unattainable with traditional mists, and with the emission into the environment of very low doses of insecticides, or FUMIGATION with the use of thermal foggers that generate a "warm fog". To facilitate the work of our technicians and ensure an excellent outcome, it is essential: to keep closed / seal all openings to the outside (windows, doors, hoods, fireplaces etc.). Communicate to the technician the positioning of electrical panels, in case it is necessary to disconnect the electric current. In the kitchen, (except for food-infesting mites) seal food and drinks in containers or nylon bags so that these do not come in contact with insecticides. Cabinets, drawers and shelves in the rooms must be emptied of linen, clothes, blankets, sheets, etc.
The mite does not drown but manages to surround himself with an air bubble that allows it to breathe even in the water. - Regarding the washing of sheets and blankets, remember that washing at temperatures over 60 °C kills all the mites, but in lukewarm water, the mites will multiply. If you do not want to use such temperatures, add 5 ml of eucalyptus oil (bought in a herbal medicine shop) to the usual detergent. Then soak normally with water at 30°C for 30-60 minutes. Clothing should be washed instead at 55-60 °C; if they cannot be washed, put the clothes in the freezer (as for plush toys) for at least 24 hours. If washing by hand, use 20 ml of eucalyptus oil in 10 litres of water. If soaking clothes you can use 3 ml of benzyl benzoate in 10 litres of water.
The use of steam cleaners is counterproductive: emitting heat and humidity doesn't eliminate the mites, but stimulates their proliferation.
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